# Conferences (International)

# 2018

180. Kelvin Lazarus, Nurul H. Noordin, and Zuwairie Ibrahim, An Enhanced Simulated Kalman Filter Algorithm and its Application in Adaptive Beamforming, IEEE International RF & Microwave Conference (RFM), Penang, Malaysia, 17-19 December 2018.

179. Badaruddin Muhammad, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Asrul Adam, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Kamil Zakwan Mohd Azmi, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, and Norrima Mokhtar, Feature Selection using Binary Simulated Kalman Filter for Peak Classification of EEG Signals, The 8th International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation (ISMS2018), Kuala Lumpur, 2018, pp. 1-6.

178. Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Kamarulzaman Ab. Aziz, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Mohd Nizam Aliman, Evaluation of Pure Gravitational Search Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks Coverage Maximization, The 6th International Electrical Engineering Congress, 7-9 March 2018, Krabi, Thailand, pp. 65-68.

177. N. H. Noordin, L. B. Hwa, N. Hassan, R. Samad, and Z. Ibrahim, An RF Switching Circuit using PIN Diode for a 2.4GHz Frequency Reconfigurable Antenna, 2018 IEEE Symposium on Computer Applications and Industrial Electronics, pp. 259-262.

176. Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Aminurafiuddin Zulkifli, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Tasiransurini Ab. Rahman, Is Gravitational Search Algorithm's Initial Gravitational Constant a Function Dependent Parameter?, 2018 International Conference on E-Business and Mobile Commerce (ICEMC 2018), Chengdu, China, 21-23 May 2018, ACM International Conference Proceedings Series, 1 July 2018, pp. 60-66.

175. M. F. M. Jusof, A. N. K. Nasir, M. A. Ahmad, and Z. Ibrahim, An Exponential Based Simulated Kalman Filter Algorithm for Data-Driven PID Tuning in Liquid Slosh Controller, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Applied System Innovation (ICASI 2018), 22 June 2018, pp. 984-987.

174. M. A. Ahmad, N. M. Z. A. Mustapha, A. N. K. Nasir, M. Z. M. Tumari, R. M. T. R. Ismail, and Z. Ibrahim, Using Normalized Simultaneous Pertubation Stochastic Approximation for Stable Convergence in Model-free Control Scheme, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Conference on Applied System Innovation (ICASI 2018), 22 June 2018, pp. 935-938.

173. A. Mustafa, Z. M. Yusof, A. Adam, B. Muhammad, and Z. Ibrahim, Solving Assembly Sequence Planning using Angle Modulated Simulated Kalman Filter, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (4th Asia Pacific Conference on Manufacturing Systems and the 3rd International Manufacturing Engineering Conference), Vol. 319, Issue 1, Article number 012044.

172. N. Q. Ann, D. Pebrianti, L. Bayuaji, M. R. Daud, R. Samad, Z. Ibrahim, R. Hamid, and M. Syafrullah, SKF-based Image Template Matching for Distance Measurement by Using Stereo Vision, Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, Issue 9789811087875, pp. 439-447.

171. N. H. Noordin, L. B. Hwa, N. Hassan, R. Samad, and Z. Ibrahim, An RF Switching Circuit using PIN Diode for a 2.4GHz Frequency Reconfigurable Antenna, IEEE Symposium on Computer Applications and Industrial Electronics, 2018, pp. 259-262.

170. Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Saifudin Razali, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Asrul Adam, and Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, An Analysis on the Number of Agents Towards the Performance of the Simulated Kalman Filter Optimizer, The 8th International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation (ISMS2018), Kuala Lumpur, 2018, pp. 16-21.

169. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Kamil Zakwan Mohd Azmi, Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Badaruddin Muhammad, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, An Oppositional Learning Prediction Operator for Simulated Kalman Filter, The 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Applications, Hong Kong, pp. 139-143.

168. Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, and Mohd Saberi Mohamad, Single-Solution Simulated Kalman Filter Algorithm for Routing in Printed Circuit Board Drilling Process, Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, Issue 9789811087875, pp. 649-655.

167. Badaruddin Muhammad, Kamil Zakwan Mohd Azmi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Ahmad Afif Mohd Faudzi, and Dwi Pebrianti, Simultaneous Computation of Model Order and Parameter Estimation for System Identification Based on Opposition-Based Simulated Kalman Filter, SICE International Symposium on Control Systems 2018, March 9-11, Tokyo, Japan, 2018, pp. 105-112.

166. Badaruddin Muhammad, Dwi Pebrianti, Normaniha Abdul Ghani, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Mohd Saberi Mohamad, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, and Zuwairie Ibrahim, An Application of Simulated Kalman Filter Optimization Algorithm for Parameter Tuning in Proportional-Integral-Derivative Controllers for Automatic Voltage Regulator System, SICE International Symposium on Control Systems 2018, March 9-11, Tokyo, Japan, 2018, pp. 113-120.

165. Badaruddin Muhammad, Suad Khairi Mohammed, Dwi Pebrianti, Normaniha Abdul Ghani, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Norazian Subari, Tasiransurini Ab Rahman, Kamil Zakwan Mohd Azmi, and Zuwairie Ibrahim, A Black Hole Algorithm with White Hole Operator and Its Application in Parameter Tuning of Proportional-Integral-Derivative Controller, SICE International Symposium on Control Systems 2018, March 9-11, Tokyo, Japan.

164. Aminurafiuddin Zulkifli, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Norrima Mokhtar, Review on Computational Techniques in Solving Aircraft Landing Problem, The 2018 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, 2018, pp. 128-131.

163. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Suad Khairi Mohammed, Norazian Subari, Asrul Adam, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Tasiransurini Ab. Rahman, and Norrima Mokhtar, Black Hole White Hole Algorithm with Local Search, The 2018 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, 2018, pp. 249-252.

162. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Suad Khairi Mohammed, Norazian Subari, Asrul Adam, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Tasiransurini Ab. Rahman, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, and Norrima Mokhtar, A Survey on Applications of Black Hole Algorithm, The 2018 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, 2018, pp. 245-248.

161. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Suad Khairi Mohammed, Norazian Subari, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Tasiransurini Ab. Rahman, Asrul Adam, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, and Norrima Mokhtar, A Review on Fundamental Advancements of Black Hole Algorithm, The 2018 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, 2018, pp. 241-244.

# 2017

160. M. H. M. Zaini, M. I. Shapiai, A. R. Mohamed, H. Fauzi, Z. Ibrahim, and A. Adam, Hippocampal Segmentation using Structured Extreme Learning Machine with Bag of Features, 2017 International Conference on Robotics, Automation and Sciences (ICORAS), Melaka, 2017, pp. 1-5.

159. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Mohamad Nizam Aliman, Muhammad Sharfi Najib, Norazian Subari, Aminurafiuddin Zulkifli, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Gravitational Search Algorithm with a More Accurate Newton’s Gravitational Principle, Asian Simulation Conference, pp. 605-614.

158. Hilman Fauzi, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Rubiyah Yusof, Gerard B Remijn, Noor Akhmad Setiawan, Zuwairie Ibrahim, The Design of Spatial Selection Using CUR Decomposition to Improve Common Spatial Pattern for Multi-trial EEG Classification, Asian Simulation Conference, pp. 428-442.

157. Fathrul Azarshah Abdul Aziz, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Aznida Firzah Abdul Aziz, Fairuz Ali, Ayman Maliha, Zuwairie Ibrahim, EEG Brain Symmetry Index Using Hilbert Huang Transform, Asian Simulation Conference, pp. 548-560.

156. Yohanes de Britto Hertyasta Prathama, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Siti Armiza Mohd Aris, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Jafreezal Jaafar, Hilman Fauzi, Common Spatial Pattern with Feature Scaling (FSc-CSP) for Motor Imagery Classification, Asian Simulation Conference, pp. 591-604.

155. Badaruddin Muhammad, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Nor Hidayati Abd Aziz, and Norrima Mokhtar, "A Hybrid Simulated Kalman Filter - Gravitational Search Algorithm (SKF-GSA)", 2017 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, pp. 707-710.

154. Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Saifudin Razali, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Khairul Hamimah Abas, Mohd Saberi Mohamad, and Norrima Mokhtar, "Simulated Kalman Filter with Randomized Q and R Parameters", 2017 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, pp. 711-714.

153. Muhammad Hafiz Md Zaini, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Ahmad Rithauddin Mohamed, and Norrima Mokhtar, "Classification of Hippocampal Region using Extreme Learning Machine", 2017 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, pp. 735-742.

152. Kelvin Lazarus, Nurul H. Noordin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Ahmad Afif Mohd Faudzi, Norazian Subari, and Kamil Z. Mohd Azmi, "An Opposition-Based Simulated Kalman Filter Algorithm for Adaptive Beamforming", 2017 IEEE International Conference on Applied System Innovation, pp. 91-94.

# 2016

151. Kelvin Lazarus, Nurul H. Noordin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Khairul Hamimah Abas, "Adaptive Beamforming Algorithm based on Simulated Kalman Filter", 2016 Asia Multi Conference on Modelling and Simulation, pp. 19-23.

150. K. G. Li, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Asrul Adam, Zuwairie Ibrahim, "Feature Scaling for EEG Human Concentration using Particle Swarm Optimization", The 8th International Conference on Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, pp. 384-389.

149. Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim , Hamzah Ahmad, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, "An Assembly Sequence Planning Approach with a Multi-state Particle Swarm Optimization", 29th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, pp. 841-852.

148. Nor Hidayati Abdul Aziz, Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Saifudin Razali, Khairul Hamimah Abas, Mohd Saberi Mohamad, "A Kalman Filter Approach to PCB Drill Path Optimization Problem", 2016 IEEE Conference on Systems, Process and Control, pp. 33-36.

147. Nor Syahirah Abdul Wahid, Mohd Saberi Mohamad, Abdul Hakim Mohamed Salleh, Safaai Deris, Weng Howe Chan, Sigeru Omatu, Juan Manuel Corchado, Muhammad Farhan Sjaugi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, A Hybrid of Harmony Search and Minimization of Metabolic Adjustment for Optimization of Succinic Acid Production, 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics, 2016, pp. 183-191.

146. Sin Yi Lim, Mohd Saberi Mohamad, Lian En Chai, Safaai Deris, Weng Howe Chan,Sigeru Omatu, Juan Manuel Corchado, Muhammad Farhan Sjaugi, Muhammad Mahfuz Zainuddin, Gopinathaan Rajamohan, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, Investigation of the Effects of Imputation Methods for Gene Regulatory Networks Modelling Using Dynamic Bayesian Networks, 13th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, 2016, pp. 413-421.

145. Zhenya Li, Richard O. Sinnott, Yee Wen Choon, Muhammad Farhan Sjaugi, Mohd Saberi Mohammad, Safaai Deris, Suhaimi Napis, Sigeru Omatu, Juan Manuel Corchado, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Exploring the High Performance Computing-Enablement of a Suite of Gene-Knockout Based Genetic Engineering Applications, 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics, 2016, pp. 133-139.

# 2015

144. Zulkifli Md Yusof, Siti Nurzulaikha Satiman, Kamil Zakwan Mohd Azmi, Badaruddin Muhammad, Saifudin Razali, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Zulfakar Aspar, and Suraya Ismail, Solving Airport Gate Allocation Problem using Simulated Kalman Filter, International Conference on Knowledge Transfer, 2015, pp. 121-127.

143. Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Hamzah Ahmad, and Zulkifli Md. Yusof, Rule-Based Multi-State Gravitational Search Algorithm for Discrete Optimization Problem, The 4th International Conference on Software Engineering and Computer Systems (ICSECS2015), Kuantan, Pahang, 2015.

142. Zulkifli Md Yusof, Ismail Ibrahim, Siti Nurzulaikha Satiman, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Nor Hidayati Abd Aziz, and Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, BSKF: Binary Simulated Kalman Filter, Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation, 2015, pp. 77-81.

141. Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Hamzah Ahmad, and Zulkifli Md. Yusof, An Improved Multi-State Particle Swarm Optimization for Discrete Optimization Problems, The 7th International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Communication Systems, and Networks (CICSyN2015), 2015, pp. 3-8.

140. Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Hamzah Ahmad, and Zulkifli Md. Yusof, A Multi-State Gravitational Search Algorithm for Combinatorial Optimization Problems, The 7th International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Communication Systems, and Networks (CICSyN2015), 2015, pp. 9-14.

139. Kamil Zakwan Mohd Azmi, Dwi Pebrianti, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, and Shahdan Sudin, Simultaneous Computation of Model Order and Parameter Estimation for System Identification Based on Gravitational Search Algorithm, The 6th International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation (ISMS2015), 2015, pp. 135-140.

138. Asrul Adam, Norrima Mokhtar, Marizan Mubin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Dingle’s Model-based EEG Peak Detection using a Rule-based Classifier, Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, January 10-12, 2015.

137. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Nurul Wahidah Arshad, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, and Norrima Mokhtar, Different Learning Functions for Weighted Kernel Regression in Solving Small Sample Problem with Noise, Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, January 10-12, 2015.

136. Teoh Shin Yee, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Kamil Zakwan Mohd Azmi, Norrima Mokhtar, Simultaneous Computation of Model Order and Parameter Estimation of a Heating System Based on a Particle Swarm Optimization for Autoregressive with Exogenous Model: An Analysis, Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Artificial Life and Robotics, January 10-12, 2015.

# 2014

135. Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Marizan Mubin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, Performance and Diversity of Gravitational Search Algorithm, ISAAC2014 & ICACT2014, Jeju, Korea, November 2014, pp. 232-235.

134. Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Hamzah Ahmad, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, and Marizan Mubin, Gravitational Search Algorithm for Assembly Sequence Planning, Colloquium on Robotics, Unmanned Systems and Cybernetics (CRUSC2014), 10 October 2014, Pekan, Malaysia, pp. 32-36.

133. Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Marizan Mubin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, Statistical Analysis for Swarm Intelligence – Simplified, The 6^{th} International Conference on Education Technology and Computer (ICETC2014), 8-10 August 2014.

132. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Mohd Zaidi Mohd Tumari, Ant Colony Optimisation with Unified Nearest-Neighbour Thermodynamic Parameter for DNA Sequence Design in DNA Computing, 2014 International Conference on Soft Computing and Machine Intelligence, 26-27 September 2014, pp. 20-23.

131. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Zaidi Mohd Tumari, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusoh, and Kian Sheng Lim, Evaluation of Vector Evaluated Particle Swarm Optimisation Enhanced with Non-dominated Solutions and Multiple Nondominated Leaders based on WFG Test Functions, The 2nd International Symposium on Computational and Business Intelligence (ISCBI 2014), 7-8 December 2014, New Delhi, India, pp. 35-38.

130. Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Hamzah Ahmad, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, and Marizan Mubin, An Assembly Sequence Planning Approach with Binary Gravitational Search Algorithm, The 13^{th} International Conference on Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools, and Techniques (SOMET2014), pp. 179-192.

129. Badaruddin Muhammad, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Kamarul Hawari Ghazali, Mohd Riduwan Ghazali, Muhammad Salihin Saealal, Kian Sheng Lim, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Marizan Mubin, and Norrima Mokhtar, Synchronous Gravitational Search Algorithm vs Asynchronous Gravitational Search Algorithm: A Statistical Analysis, The 13^{th} International Conference on Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools, and Techniques (SOMET2014), pp. 170-178.

128. Nor Azlina Ab. Aziz, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, Shahdan Sudin, Marizan Mubin, and Kamarulzaman Ab. Aziz, Synchronous Gravitational Search Algorithm vs Asynchronous Gravitational Search Algorithm: A Statistical Analysis, The 13^{th} International Conference on Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools, and Techniques (SOMET2014), pp. 160-169.

127. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Mohd Zaidi Mohd Tumari, Ant Colony Optimisation with Breslauer Nearest-Neighbour Thermodynamic Parameter for DNA Sequence Design in DNA Computing, The 8^{th} Asia Modelling Symposium, pp. 5-9.

126. Asrul Adam, Norrima Mokhtar, Marizan Mubin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Zaidi Mohd Tumari, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Feature Selection and Classifier Parameter Estimation for EEG Signal Peak Detection using Gravitational Search Algorithm, 4^{th} International Conference on Artificial Intelligence with Applications in Engineering and Technology, pp. 103-108.

125. Kian Sheng Lim, Salinda Buyamin, Anita Ahmad, Sophan Wahyudi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Faradila Naim and Kamarul Hawari Ghazali, Norrima Mokhtar, An Improved VEPSO Algorithm for Multi-Objective Optimization Problems, Malaysia-Japan Academic Scholar Conference (MJASC 2013), The Malaysia-Japan Model on Technology Partnership, Springer, 2014, pp. 253-263.

124. Fayeem Aziz, Norrima Mokhtar, Hamzah Arof, Marizan Mubin, and Zuwairie Ibrahim, Review of Eye Gaze Tracking Application, The 6th AUN/SEED-Net Regional Conference on Electrical Engineering.

# 2013

123. I.W. Jamaludin, N.A. Wahab, N.S. Khalid, S. Sahlan, Z. Ibrahim and M.F. Rahmat, N4SID and MOESP Subspace Identification Methods, IEEE 9th International Colloquium on Signal Processing and its Applications (CSPA2013), pp. 140-145.

122. Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Ismail Ibrahim, Mohd Zaidi Mohd Tumari, Marizan Mubin, Synchronous vs Asynchronous Gravitational Search Algorithm, First International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Modelling & Simulation (AIMS2013), pp. 29-34.

121. Lim Kian Sheng, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Salinda Buyamin, Anita Ahmad, Ismail Ibrahim, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Faradila Naim, Mohd Zaidi Mohd Tumari, Kamarul Hawari Ghazali, Convergence and Diversity Evaluation for Vector Evaluated Particle Swarm Optimization, Proceeding of the 5th International Conference on Modelling, Identification, and Control (ICMIC2013), pp. 280-285.

120. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Ismail Ibrahim, Mohd Falfazli Mat Jusof, Faradila Naim, Mohd Zaidi Mohd Tumari, Muhammad Salihin Saealal, Nurul Wahidah Binti Arshad, Kamarul Hawari Ghazali, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, Kamal Khalil, Muhammad Arif Abdul Rahim, Norhaliza Abdul Wahab, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, A Study of the Contribution of Nearest-Neighbour Thermodynamic Parameters to the DNA Sequences Generated by Ant Colony Optimisation, Proceeding of the 5th International Conference on Modelling, Identification, and Control (ICMIC2013), pp. 286-291.

119. Nur Maisarah Mohd Sobran, Arfah Ahmad, Zuwairie Ibrahim, CLASSIFICATION OF IMBALANCED DATASET USING CONVENTIONAL NAÏVE BAYES CLASSIFIER, Proceeding of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Computer Science and ICT (AICS2013), pp. 35-42.

118. Sofiah Radzi, Kamarul Hawari Ghazali, Sabira Khatun, Zuwairie Ibrahim, MULTISCALE THERMAL FACE DETECTION USING HISTOGRAM ORIENTED GRADIENTS, Proceeding of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Computer Science and ICT (AICS2013), pp. 207-216.

# 2012

117. Nor Azlina Ab Aziz, and Zuwairie Ibrahim, Asynchronous Particle Swarm Optimization for Swarm Robotics, International Symposium on Robotics and Intelligent Sensors, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 41, 2012, pp. 951-957.

116. Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Enhanced Weighted Kernel Regression with Prior Knowledge using Robot Manipulator Problem as a Case Study, International Symposium on Robotics and Intelligent Sensors, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 41, 2012, pp. 82-89.

115. Kian Sheng Lim, Salinda Buyamin, Anita Ahmad, and Zuwairie Ibrahim, An Improved Leader Guidance in Multi Objective Particle Swarm Optimization, Six Asia Modelling Symposium, pp. 29-31.

114. Ibrahim, I.; Yusof, Z.M.; Nawawi, S.W.; Rahim, M.A.A.; Khalil, K.; Ahmad, H.; Ibrahim, Z., A Novel Multi-state Particle Swarm Optimization for Discrete Combinatorial Optimization Problems, Fourth International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation pp. 18-23.

113. Shamsudin, H.C., Irawan, A., Ibrahim, Z., Abidin, A.F.Z., Wahyudi, S., Rahim, M.A.A., Khalil, K., A Fast Discrete Gravitational Search Algorithm, Fourth International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation pp. 24-28.

112. Ibrahim, Z., Muhammad, B., Ghazali, K.H., Kian Sheng Lim, Nawawi, S.W., Yusof, Z.M., Vector Evaluated Gravitational Search Algorithm (VEGSA) for Multi-objective Optimization Problems, Fourth International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation, 2012, pp. 13-17.

111. Yusof, Z.M., Rahim, M.A.A., Nawawi, S.W., Khalil, K., Ibrahim, Z., Kurniawan, T.B., DNA Sequence Design for Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing: Particle Swarm Optimization vs Population Based Ant Colony Optimization, Fourth International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation pp. 64-69.

# 2011

110. Mohd Hafiz Othman, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Asrul Adam, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Seri Mastura Mustaza, and Lai Yee Yang, A Binary Particle Swarm Optimization Approach for Routing in PCB Holes Drilling Process, International Conference on Robotic Automation System (ICORAS2011), May 23-34, 2011, pp. 201-206.

109. Mohd Saufee Muhammad, Krishna Veni Selvan and Sharifah Masniah Wan Masra, Zuwairie Ibrahim and Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, An Improved Binary Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for DNA Encodings Enhancement, IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, April 11-15, 2011.

108. Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Lee Wen Jau, and Vladimir Pavlovic, Enhanced Nadaraya Watson Kernel Regression: Surface Approximation for Extremely Small Samples, Fifth Asia Modeling Symposium (AMS2011), May 26-27, 2011, pp. 7-12.

107. Kian Sheng Lim, Salinda Buyamin, and Zuwairie Ibrahim, Convergence and Diversity Measurement for Vector Evaluated Particle Swarm Optimization based on ZDT Test Problems, Fifth Asia Modeling Symposium, May 23, 2011, pp. 32-36.

106. Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Lee Wen Jau, Soon-Chuan Ong, and Vladimir Pavlovich, Recipe Generation from Small Samples by Weighted Kernel Regression, Fourth International Conference on Modeling, Simulation, and Applied Optimization (ICMSAO2011), April 19-21, 2011, pp. 150-153.

105. Asrul Adam, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Marzuki Khalid, Artificial Neural Network - Naïve Bayes Fusion for Solving Classification Problem of Imbalanced Dataset, Fourth International Conference on Modeling, Simulation, and Applied Optimization (ICMSAO2011), April 19-21, 2011, pp. 868-872.

104. Krishna Veni Selvan, Mohd Saufee Muhammad, Sharifah Masniah Wan Masra, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Lim Kian Sheng, DNA Words Based on an Enhanced Algorithm of Multi-objective Particle Swarm Optimization in a Continuous Search Space, International Conference on Electrical, Control and Computer Engineering (INECCE2011), June 21-22, 2011, pp. 154-159.

103. Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Lee Wen Jau, Soon-Chuan Ong, and Vladimir Pavlovich, Recipe Generation from Small Samples: Incorporating an Improved Weighted Kernel Regression with Correlation Factor, Second International Conference on Software Engineering and Computer Systems (ICSECS 2011), June 27-29, 2011, pp. 144–154.

102. Zulkifli Md Yusof, Tan Zhe Hong, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Mohammad Nazry Abdul Salam, Asrul Adam, Kamal Khalil, Jameel Abdulla Ahmed Mukred, N. Shaikh-Husin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, A Two-Step Binary Particle Swarm Optimization Approach for Routing in VLSI with Iterative RLC Delay Model, 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation (CIMSIM2011), September 20-22, 2011, pp. 63-67.

101. Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Shahdan Sudin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Enhanced Weighted Kernel Regression with Prior Knowledge in Solving Small Sample Problems, 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation (CIMSIM2011), September 20-22, 2011, pp. 97-102.

100. Hasrul Che Shamsudin, Asrul Adam, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Mohd Ariffanan Mohd Basri, Zuwairie Ibrahim and Marzuki Khalid, An Improved Two-Step Supervised Learning Artificial Neural Network for Imbalanced Dataset Problems, 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation (CIMSIM2011), September 20-22, 2011, pp. 108-113.

99. Ismail Ibrahim, Syed Abdul Rahman Syed Abu Bakar, Musa Mohd Mokji, Kamal Khalil, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Jameel Abdulla Ahmed Mukred, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Saberi Mohamad, and Wan Khairunizam Wan Ahmad, Performance Measurement of Thresholding Algorithms in Printed Circuit Board Inspection System, 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Modelling and Simulation (CIMSIM2011), September 20-22, 2011, pp. 242-247.

98. Zulkifli Md Yusof, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Mohammad Nazry A. Salam, Kamal Khalil, Jameel Abdulla Ahmed Mukred, M.Khalil Hani and Zuwairie Ibrahim, A Binary Particle Swarm Optimization Approach for Buffer Insertion in VLSI Routing, The International Symposium on Innovative Management, Information, and Production (IMIP2011), October 8-10, 2011, pp. 7-12.

97. Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Shahdan Sudin, Zuwairie Ibrahim and Marzuki Khalid, Investigation on Different Loss Functions for Weighted Kernel Regression in Solving Small Sample Problem, The International Symposium on Innovative Management, Information, and Production (IMIP2011), October 8-10, 2011, pp. 204-210.

96. Lim Chun Chew, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Asrul Adam, Kamal Khalil, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Lee Wen Jau, Marzuki Kahlid, Vladimir Pavlovic and Junzo Watada, A Multiple Input Probabilistic Classifier for Imbalanced Dataset Problem in Semiconductor Manufacturing, The International Symposium on Innovative Management, Information, and Production (IMIP2011), October 8-10, 2011, pp. 278-283.

95. Muhammad Salihin Saealal, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Asrul Adam, Nur Anis Nordin, Zulkifli Md. Yusof and Zuwairie Ibrahim, An Ant Colony System For Routing in PCB Holes Drilling Process, The International Symposium on Innovative Management, Information, and Production (IMIP2011), October 8-10, 2011, pp. 292-298.

94. Ismail Ibrahim, Syed Abdul Rahman Syed Abu Bakar, Musa Mohd Mokji, Kamal Khalil, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Jameel Abdulla Ahmed Mukred, Mohd Saberi Mohamad and Zuwairie Ibrahim, A Printed Circuit Board Inspection System with Defect Classification Capability, The International Symposium on Innovative Management, Information, and Production (IMIP2011), October 8-10, 2011, pp. 331-336.

93. Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Shahdan Sudin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Investigation on Different Kernel Functions for Weighted Kernel Regression in Solving Small Sample Problems 5th European Modelling Symposium on Computer Modelling and Simulation (EMS2011), November 16-18, 2011, pp. 64-69.

92. Mohamad Amir Shamsudin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Sophan Wahyudi Nawawi, Abdul Rashid Husain, and Jameel Abdulla Ahmed Mukred, An Adaptive Control of Two Wheel Inverted Pendulum Robot based on Particle Swarm Optimization, Fifth International Conference on Automation, Robotics, and Applications (ICARA2011), December 6-8, 2011, pp. 151-156.

91. Asrul Adam, Lim Chun Chew, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Lee Wen Jau, Zuwairie Ibrahim and Marzuki Khalid, A Hybrid Artificial Neural Network-Naive Bayes for Solving Imbalanced Dataset Problems in Semiconductor Manufacturing Test Process, Eleventh International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems (HIS2011), December 5-8, 2011, pp. 133-138.

90. Junainah Jahaya, S.W. Nawawi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Multi Input Single Output Closed Loop Identification of Two Wheel Inverted Pendulum Mobile Robot, 2011 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCORED2011), December 19-20, 2011, pp. 155-160.

89. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Noor Khafifah Khalid, Kian Sheng Lim, Salinda Buyamin, and Jameel Abdulla Ahmed Mukred, A Binary Vector Evaluated Particle Swarm Optimization Based Method for DNA Sequence Design Problem, 2011 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCORED2011), December 19-20, 2011, pp. 177-181.

88. Seri Mastura Mustaza, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohammad Amir Shamsudin, Abdul Rashid Husain, and Jameel Abdulla Ahmed Mukred, A Modified Computational Model of Ant Colony System in DNA Sequence Design, 2011 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCORED2011), December 19-20, 2011, pp. 187-191.

# 2010

87. Lei Ding, Junzo Watada, Lim Chun Chew, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Lee Wen Jau, and Marzuki Khalid, A SVM-RBF Method for Solving Imbalanced Dataset Problem, The Third International Symposium on Intelligent Informatics (ISII2010), Dalian, China, September 5-7, 2010.

86. Junzo Watada, Lee-Chuan Lin, Lei Din, Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Lim Chun Chew, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Lee Wen Jau, and Marzuki Khalid, A Rough-Set-Based Two-Class Classifier for Large Imbalanced Dataset, The 2nd International Symposium on Intelligent Decision Technologies (KES-IDT2010), Baltimore, USA, July 28-30, 2010, in Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, 1, (Eds.) G. Phillips-Wren et al., Vol. 4, Advances in Intelligent Decision Technologies, XIII., Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010, pp. 641-651.

85. R. Amirulah, M. M. Mokji, and Z. Ibrahim, "Implementation of Starfruit Maturity Classification Algorithm on Embedded System", 2010 2nd International Conference on Signal Processing Systems, Dalian, China, July 5-7, 2010, pp. V1-810 - V1-814.

84. R. Amirulah, M. M. Mokji, and Z. Ibrahim, "Implementation of Starfruit Maturity Classification Algorithm", 2010 2nd International Conference on Soft Computing, Intelligent System, and Information Technology, Bali, Indonesia, July 1-2, 2010, pp. 127-131.

83. M. Nasir Ayob, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, Asrul Adam, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Shahdan Sudin, N. Shaikh-Husin, and M. Khalil Hani, "A Particle Swarm Optimization Approach for Routing in VLSI", 2010 Second International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Communication Systems, and Networks, Liverpool, UK, July 28-30, 2010, pp. 49-53.

82. Mohd Ibrahim Shapiai, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Lee Wen Jau, and Vladimir Pavlovic, "A Non-linear Function Approximation from Small Samples based on Nadaraya-Watson Kernel Regression", 2010 Second International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Communication Systems, and Networks, Liverpool, UK, July 28-30, 2010, pp. 28-32.

81. Asrul Adam, Ibrahim Shapiai, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Lim Chun Chew, Lee Wen Jau, and Junzo Watada, "A Modified Artificial Neural Network Learning Algorithm for Imbalanced Data Set Problem", 2010 Second International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Communication Systems, and Networks, Liverpool, UK, July 28-30, 2010, pp. 44-48.

80. Z. Md. Yusof, C.-Y. Tan, A.-N. Wong, Z. Ibrahim, M. K. Hani, and M. N. Marsono, "Link-Fit and Lazy-Fit Algorithms in Compressed Memory System", Fourth Asia International Conference on Mathematical/Analytical Modelling and Computer Simulation (AMS2010), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, May 26-28, 2010, pp. 580-584.

79. Asrul Adam, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Abdul Rashid Husain, Zulkifli Md. Yusof, and Ismail Ibrahim, "A Particle Swarm Optimization Approach to Robotic Drill Route Optimization", Fourth Asia International Conference on Mathematical/Analytical Modelling and Computer Simulation (AMS2010), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, May 26-28, 2010, pp. 60-64.

78. Uswah Khairuddin, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Rubiyah Yusof, and Marzuki Khalid, "Optimized Feature Selection for Tropical Wood Species Recognition using Genetic Algorithm", 2010 International Symposium on Robotics and Intelligent Sensors (IRIS2010), March 8-11, 2010, Nagoya, Japan, pp. 275-281.

# 2009

77. Noor Khafifah Khalid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tri Basuki Kurniawan, and Mohamad Shukri Zainal Abidin, “A DNA Sequence Design Based on Continuous and Binary Particle Swarm Optimization”, International Conference on Software Engineering and Computer Systems, October 19-21, 2009, Kuantan, Pahang, pp. 60-65.

76. Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Noor Khafifah Khalid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohamad Shukri Zainal Abidin, and Marzuki Khalid, “Sequence Design for Direct-proportional Length-based DNA Computing using Population-based Ant Colony Optimization,” ICROS-SICE International Joint Conference 2009, August 18-21, 2009, Fukuoka, Japan, pp. 1486-1491.

75. Z. Mohamed, M. N. Ahmad, R. Mamat and Z. Ibrahim, “Implementation of Problem-Based Laboratory for Mechatronics Education”, International Engineering Education Conference 2009, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, May 16-19, 2009, pp. 266-271.

74.Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Noor Khafifah Khalid, and Marzuki Khalid, “A Population-based Ant Colony Optimization Approach for DNA Sequence Optimization”, Third Asia International Conference on Modelling & Simulation (AMS2009), Bandung & Bali, Indonesia, May 25-26, 29, 2009, pp. 246-251.

73. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, and Nor Haniza Sarmin, “Automation of DNA Computing Readout Method Implemented on LightCycler System”, Third Asia International Conference on Modelling & Simulation (AMS2009), Bandung & Bali, Indonesia, May 25-26, 29, 2009, pp. 252-257.

72. Noor Khafifah Khalid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Marzuki Khalid, and Andries P. Engelbrecht, “Implementation of Binary Particle Swarm Optimization for DNA Sequence Design”, International Symposium on Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence (DCAI’09), University of Salamanca, Spain, June 10-12, 2009.

71. Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Noor Khafifah Khalid, and Marzuki Khalid, “An Optimized Ant System Approach for DNA Sequence Optimization”, University of Salamanca, Spain, June 10-12, 2009.

70. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Shahdan Sudin, Marzuki Khalid, and Nor Haniza Sarmin, “DNA Computing Readout Approaches: A Review”, The Second International Conference on Control, Instrumentation and Mechatronics Engineering (CIM09), Malacca, Malaysia, June 2-3, 2009, pp. 378-384.

69. Noor Khafifah Khalid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Shahdan Sudin, and Marzuki Khalid, “DNA Sequence Optimization: A Methodology Overview”, The Second International Conference on Control, Instrumentation and Mechatronics Engineering (CIM09), Malacca, Malaysia, June 2-3, 2009, pp. 385-391.

68. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, and Nor Haniza Sarmin, “K-Means Clustering for DNA Computing Readout Method Implemented on LightCycler System”, The 3rd SEATUC Symposium, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, February 25-26, 2009, pp. 411-416.

67. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Noor Khafifah Khalid, and Marzuki Khalid, “Implementation of Ant Colony System for DNA Sequence Optimization”, The Fourteenth International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics 2009, Oita, Japan, February 5-7, 2009, pp. 712-715.

# 2008

66. Ismail Ibrahim and Zuwairie Ibrahim, A Generate-and-Test Approach for DNA Sequence Design of the Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing, Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD 2008), UTM, Johor, Malaysia, 26-27 Nov 2008.

65. Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Noor Khafifah Khalid, Marzuki Khalid, and Nor Haniza Sarmin, A Generate-and-Test Approach for DNA Sequence Design of the Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing, Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD 2008), UTM, Johor, Malaysia, 26-27 Nov 2008.

64. Noor Khafifah Khalid, Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Marzuki Khalid, Binary Particle Swarm Optimization for Single Objective DNA Sequence Design, Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD 2008), UTM, Johor, Malaysia, 26-27 Nov 2008.

63. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Shahdan Sudin, and Nor Haniza Sarmin, “Automation of DNA Computing Readout Method Based on Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Implemented on DNA Engine Opticon 2 System”, Symposium on Engineering and Technology 2008, Kuching, Malaysia, 14-17 December 2008.

62. Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohamad Shukri Zainal Abidin, Musa Mohd Mokji, Syed Abdul Rahman Syed Abu Bakar, and Shahdan Sudin, “Classification Algorithm for Five Different Defects on Bare Printed Circuit Board”, Symposium on Engineering and Technology 2008, Kuching, Malaysia, 14-17 December 2008.

61. Noor Khafifah Khalid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Marzuki Khalid, and Shahdan Sudin, “A DNA Sequence Design Approach based on Particle Swarm Optimization with Sequence Support System”, Symposium on Engineering and Technology 2008, Kuching, Malaysia, 14-17 December 2008

60. Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, and Azli Yahya, “Implementation of Ant System for DNA Sequence Optimization”, NANO-SciTech 2008, Shah Alam, Malaysia, 18-21 November 2008.

59. Noor Khafifah Khalid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tri Basuki, Kurniawan, Marzuki Khalid, and Andries P. Engelbrecht, “Design of DNA Sequences Based on Particle Swarm Optimization”, NANO-SciTech 2008, Shah Alam, Malaysia, 18-21 November 2008.

58. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, and Azli Yahya, “Alternative Fuzzy C-Means Clustering for DNA Computing Readout Method Implemented on DNA Engine Opticon 2 System”, The International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based Systems (SITIS 2008), Bali, Indonesia, 30 November 2008 – 3 December 2008, pp. 498-503.

57. Ismail Ibrahim, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohamad Shukri Zainal Abidin, Musa Mohd Mokji, Syed Abdul Rahman, Syed Abu Bakar, and Shahdan Sudin, “An Algorithm for Classification of Six Types of Defect on Bare Printed Circuit Board”, 33rd International Electronics Manufacturing Technology Conference (IEMT 2008), Penang, Malaysia, 4-6 November, 2008.

56. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Nor Haniza Sarmin, and John A. Rose, “Fuzzy C-Means Clustering for DNA Computing Readout Method Implemented on LightCycler System”, SICE Annual Conference 2008, Chofu, Japan, 20-22 August 2008, pp. 676-681.

55. M.F.M. Saaid, Z. Ibrahim, M. Khalid, and N.H. Sarmin, “Fuzzy C-Means Clustering for DNA Computing Readout Method Implemented on DNA Engine Opticon 2 System”, Fourth Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 25-28 June 2008, pp. 282–285.

54. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Noor Khafifah Khalid, Ismail Ibrahim, Mohamad Shukri Zainal Abidin, Musa Mohd Mokji, and Syed Abdul Rahman Syed Abu Bakar, “A Noise Elimination Procedure for Printed Circuit Board Inspection System”, Asia International Conference on Modelling and Simulation, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13-15 May 2008, pp. 332-337.

53. Noor Khafifah Khalid, Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Zulkifli Md Yusof, Marzuki Khalid, and Andries P. Engelbrecht, “A Model to Optimize DNA Sequences Based on Particle Swarm Optimization”, Asia International Conference on Modelling and Simulation, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13-15 May 2008, pp. 34-539.

52. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Nor Haniza Sarmin, “An Improved In Silico Algorithm for Output Visualization of DNA Computing Based on Real-Time PCR”, Asia International Conference on Modelling and Simulation, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13-15 May 2008, pp. 879-884.

51. Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Noor Khafifah Khalid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Martin Middendorf, “Evaluation of Ordering Methods for DNA Sequence Design Based on Ant Colony System”, Asia International Conference on Modelling and Simulation, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13-15 May 2008, pp. 905-910.

50. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Nor Haniza Sarmin, “Generating DNA Code Word for DNA Computing with Real-Time PCR”, The 4th IASTEAD International Conference on Advances in Computer Science and Technology (ACST 2008), 2-4 April 2008, Langkawi, Malaysia, pp. 150-155.

49. Tri Basuki Kurniawan, Noor Khafifah Khalid, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, and Martin Middendorf, “An Ant Colony System for DNA Sequence Design Based on Thermodynamics”, The 4th IASTEAD International Conference on Advances in Computer Science and Technology (ACST 2008), 2-4 April 2008, Langkawi, Malaysia, pp. 144-149.

# 2007

48. Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid and Zuwairie Ibrahim, “In Silico Information Processing for DNA Computing Readout Method based on DNA Engine Opticon 2 System”, The 5th Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD 2007), 11-12 December 2007, Bangi, Malaysia.

47. Noor Khafifah Khalid and Zuwairie Ibrahim, “An Image Processing Approach Towards Classification of Defects on Printed Circuit Board”, Malaysia-Japan International Symposium on Advanced Technology 2007 (MJISAT 2007), November 12-15, 2007, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

46. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tri Basuki Kurniawan and Marzuki Khalid, “A DNA Sequence Design for Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing using DNASequenceGenerator”, The Second International Conference on Innovative Computing, Information and Control, September 5-7, 2007, Kumamoto City International Center, Kumamoto, Japan.

45. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tri Basuki Kurniawan and Marzuki Khalid, “A DNA Sequence Design for Molecular Computation of HPP with Output Visualization Based on Real-Time PCR”, IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation 2007, Singapore, September 25-28, 2007, pp. 1823-1828.

44. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Adi S. Paramita, Akira Suyama and John Rose, “An Improved Readout Method of Molecular Computation based on Real-Time PCR Implemented on DNA Engine Opticon 2 System, IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation 2007, Singapore, September 25-28, 2007, pp. 1829-1834.

43. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Saaid, Adi S. Paramita, John A. Rose, and Akira Suyama, “Analysis of a DNA Computing Readout Method based on Real-Time PCR with TaqMan Probes”, International Conference on Control, Instrumentation and Mechatronics (CIM'07), Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia, May 28-29, 2007, pp. 22-28.

# 2006

42. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, John A. Rose, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “A New Readout Approach in DNA Computing based on Real-Time PCR with TaqMan Probes”, Preliminary Proceeding of the 12th International Meeting on DNA Computing, Seoul, South Korea, June 5-9, 2006, pp. 172-183. Editors: Chengde Mao, Takahashi Yokomori, and Byoung Tak-Zhang.

41. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “Hybrid Concentration-Controlled Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing for Numerical Optimization of the Shortest Path Problem”, Second International Workshop on Biological Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information (Bio-ADIT2006), Osaka, Japan, January 26-27, 2006, pp. 206-221.

40. Kasai Nobuyuki, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, and Osamu Ono, “Matrix Multiplication by DNA Computing”, The 11th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 2006), Oita, Japan, January 23-25, 2006, pp. 476-479.

39. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, and Osamu Ono, “Application of Graduated PCR in Concentration-Controlled Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing”, The 11th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 2006), Oita, Japan, January 23-25, 2006, pp. 468-471.

38. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, and Osamu Ono, “A New Algorithm for Obtaining Molecular Information Based on TaqMan Real-Time PCR”, The 11th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 2006), Oita, Japan, January 23-25, 2006, pp. 444-447.

37. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, and Osamu Ono, “Molecular Computing Approach for Constraint Assignment Problem”, The 11th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 2006), Oita, Japan, January 23-25, 2006, pp. 472-475.

# 2005

36. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Mohd Saufee Muhammad, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid, “Experimental Comparison of Initial Pool Generation for Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing”, IEEE International Region 10 Conference (TENCON2005), Melbourne, Australia, November 21-24, 2005.

35. Mohd Saufee Muhammad, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid, “Length-based DNA Computing Implementation for Elevator Scheduling Problem”, IEEE International Region 10 Conference (TENCON2005), Melbourne, Australia, November 21-24, 2005.

34. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “Experimental Implementation of Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing for Numerical Optimization of the Shortest Path Problem”, Workshop on Unconventional Computing - From Cellular Automata to Wetware, European Conference on Artificial Life (ECAL2005), Canterbury, UK, September 6, 2005, C. Teuscher & A. Adamatzky, Eds., Luniver Press, pp. 35-46, ISBN 978-0-9551170-0-8.

33. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “DNA Implementation of k-shortest Path Computation”, 2005 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC2005), Edinburgh, UK, September 2-5, 2005, Vol. 1, pp. 707-713.

32. Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Nobuyuki Kasai, Osamu Ono. “DNA Computing Approach to Construction of Semantic Model”, International Conference on Natural Computing (ICNC05), Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, ICNC2005, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Springer-Verlag, Vol. 3611, pp. 1169-1176.

31.Mohd Saufee Muhammad, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Osamu Ono, Satomi Ueda, and Marzuki Khalid, “Application of Length-Based DNA Computing for Complex Scheduling Problem”, International Conference on Intelligent Computing (ICIC), Hefei, China, August 23-26, 2005, pp. 2090-2099.

30. Mohd Saufee Muhammad, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Marzuki Khalid, Satomi Ueda, and Osamu Ono. “DNA Computing for Complex Scheduling Problem”, International Conference on Natural Computing (ICNC05), Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, ICNC2005, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Springer-Verlag, Vol. 3611, pp. 1177-1186.

29. Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Osamu Ono. “Demonstration of DNA-Based Semantic Model by Using Parallel Overlap Assembly”, International Conference on Intelligent Computing (ICIC05), Hefei, China, August 23-26, 2005, ICIC05, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Springer-Verlag, Vol. 3644, pp. 562-570.

28. Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Osamu Ono. “Construction of DNA-Based Semantic Model by Using Parallel Overlap Assembly”, 11th International Meenting on DNA Computing (DNA11), London, Ontario, Canada, June 6-9, 2005, pp. 415.

27. Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Osamu Ono. “Semantic Model for Circular DNA-Based Memory”, 4th IEEE International Workshop on Soft Computing as Transdisplinary Science and Technology (WSTST05), Muroran, Japan, May 25-27, 2005, Advances in Soft Computing, Springer, pp. 1249-1258

26. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “Improving Initial Pool Generation of Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing by Parallel Overlap Assembly”, 4th IEEE International Workshop on Soft Computing as Transdisplinary Science and Technology (WSTST05), Muroran, Japan, May 25-27, 2005, Advances in Soft Computing, Springer, pp. 349-358

25.Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Osamu Ono. “DNA Computing Approach to Evolutional Reasoning Algorithm by Using Restriction Enzyme”, Proc. of the 10th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB’05), Beppu, Oita, Japan, pp. 397-400, February 4-6, 2005

# 2004

24. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “A Study on Lower Bound of Direct-Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing for Shortest Path Problem”, International Symposium on Computational and Information Science (CIS2004), Shanghai, China, December 16-18, 2004. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Springer-Verlag, Vol. 3314, pp. 71-76, 2004.

23. Shinpei Watanabe, Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Tsuneto Yamamoto, and Osamu Ono. “Adaptive DNA Computing Algorithm by Using PCR and Restriction Enzyme”, 2004 IEEE Conference on Cybernetics and Intelligent Systems (CIS2004), Traders Hotel, Singapore, December 1-3, 2004, 262-267

22. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “DNA Computing for Weighted Graph Problems: A Methodology Overview”, 2004 International Workshop on Biologically Inspired Computing (BIC4), Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, November 19-20, 2004, pp. 116-125

21. Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Osamu Ono. “Semantic Model for Artificial Intelligence Based on Molecular Computing”, The 8th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems (KES2004), Wellington, New Zealand, September 22-24, 2004. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (LNAI), Springer-Verlag, Vol. 3213, pp. 32-39, 2004.

20. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “Finding all the Shortest Paths of a Graph by a DNA-Based Computing Algorithm”, Joint 2nd International Conference on Soft Computing and Intelligent Systems and 5th International Symposium on Advanced Intelligent Systems (SCIS&ISIS2004), Yokohama, Japan, September 21-24, 2004

19. Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Zuwairie Ibrahim. “DNA Computing Approach for Reasoning System in Artificial Intelligence”, The 2nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Engineering and Technology (ICAIET2004), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, August 3-5, 2004, 697-701

18. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “Molecular Computation Approach to Compete Dijkstra’s Algorithm”, The 5th Asian Control Conference (ASCC2004), Melbourne, Australia, July 20-23, 2004, 634-641

17. Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Osamu Ono. “Problem-Solving Method with Semantic Net Based on DNA Computing in Artificial Intelligence”, The 5th Asian Control Conference (ASCC2004), Melbourne, Australia, July 20-23, 2004, 652-657

16. Z. Ibrahim, S.A.R. Al-Attas, O. Ono, and M.M. Mokji. “A Noise Elimination Procedure for Wavelet-Based Printed Circuit Board Inspection System”, The 5th Asian Control Conference (ASCC2004), Melbourne, Australia, July 20-23, 2004, 874-879

15. Yusei Tsuboi, Zuwairie Ibrahim, and Osamu Ono. “Reasoning Algorithm by Using Knowledge Graph Based on DNA Computing”, The 8th World Multi-Conference on Systemic, Cybernetics and Informatics (SCI2004), Florida, USA, July 18-21, 2004, 322-327

14. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. "A Preliminary Study on Lower Bound of Direct Proportional Length-Based DNA Computing for Shortest Path Problem", Preliminary Proceeding of Tenth International Meeting on DNA Computing (DNA10), Milan, Italy, June 7-10, 2004, pp. 430

13. Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Zuwairie Ibrahim, “A Knowledge Representation Model by Using DNA Computing”, International Workshop on Fuzzy Systems and Innovational Computing (FIC2004), Kitakuyushu, Japan, June 2-3, 2004, pp. 150-155

12. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, Osamu Ono, and Marzuki Khalid. “Finding N–Shortest Paths of a Graph by a DNA-Based Computing Algorithm”, International Workshop on Fuzzy Systems and Innovational Computing (FIC2004), Kitakyushu, Japan, June 2-3, 2004, pp. 144-149

11. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Yusei Tsuboi, and Osamu Ono. “Solving Unconstraint Assignment Problem by a Molecular-Based Computing Algorithm”, 2004 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE2004), Ajaccio, France, May 4-7, 2004, pp. 1473-1478

10. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Osamu Ono, Yusei Tsuboi, and Marzuki Khalid. “Length-Based DNA Computing for 1-Pair Shortest Path Problem”, Proc. of the Ninth International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB’04), Beppu, Oita, Japan, pp. 299-302, January 28-30, 2004

9. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Osamu Ono, Marzuki Khalid, and Yusei Tsuboi. “DNA Computing for an Absolute 1-Center Problem: An Evolutionary Approach”, Proc. of the Ninth International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB’04), Beppu, Oita, Japan, pp. 241-244, January 28-30, 2004

# 2003

8. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Osamu Ono, Yusei Tsuboi, and Marzuki Khalid. “A New DNA-Based Computing Approach for Single Source Shortest Path Problem”, Fourth International Conference on Intelligent Technology (InTech03), Chiang Mai, Thailand, pp. 99-107, December 17-19, 2003

7. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Syed Abdul Rahman Al-Attas and Rokhamsani Ghazali, “Wavelet-based Printed Circuit Board Inspection System”, First Regional Malaysia-France Workshop on Image Processing in Vision System and Multimedia Communications, April 21-22, 2003, Kuching, Sarawak

6. Musa Mohd Mokji, Syed Abd Rahman Syed Abu Bakar and Zuwairie Ibrahim, “Fingerprint Classification Based on Directional Image Constructed Using Wavelet Transform Domains”, Proceedings of the International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Information and Signal Processing (ROVISP 2003), January 22-24, 2003, Penang, Malaysia, pp. 64-68

5. Rudi Heriansyah, Zuwairie Ibrahim, Syed Abdul Rahman al-Attas, Muhammad Mun’im Ahmad Zabidi and Zulfakar Aspar, “PCB Inspection Based-on Wavelet and Morphological Image Processing Approaches”, In Proceedings of International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Information, and Signal Processing (ROVISP 2003), January 22-24, 2003, Penang, Malaysia, pp 45-50

# 2002

4. Z. Ibrahim, S.A.R. Al-Attas, Z. Aspar and M. M. Mokji, “Performance Evaluation of Wavelet-based PCB Defect Detection and Localization Algorithm”, 2002 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT’02), Disember 11-14, 2002, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 226 – 231

3. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Syed Abdul Rahman Al-Attas, Zulfakar Aspar and Musa Mohd Mokji, “Coarse Resolution Defect Localization Algorithm for an Automated Visual Printed Circuit Board Inspection”, 28th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON 2002), November 5-8, 2002, Sevilla, Spain, pp. 2629 – 2634

2. Zuwairie Ibrahim, Syed Abdul Rahman Al-Attas, Zulfakar Aspar, “Model-based PCB Inspection Technique Using Wavelet Transform”, Proceedings of the 4th Asian Control Conference (ASCC 2002), September 25-27, 2002, Singapore, pp. 2026 – 2029

1. Z. Ibrahim, S.A.R. Al-Attas and Z. Aspar, “Analysis of the Wavelet-based Image Difference Algorithm for PCB Inspection”, Proceedings of the 41st SICE Annual Conference (SICE 2002), August 5 - 7, 2002, Osaka, pp. 1525 – 1530